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[Datsun 1200 encyclopedia]

56-Series Transmission

From Datsun 1200 Club

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Category: Transmission

The 56-series is the stock Datsun 1200 transmission. It was fitted to all RWD B-series Datsuns with A12 and A13 engines. Standard models used 3-speed 56s, while most models used 4-speed versions. The Datsun 1200 GX-5 used a 5-speed version. It was designed to handle the torque of an A12 or A13, but for A14 and A15 engines a 60-Series Transmission is recommended. All of the 3 speed, 4 speed & 5 speed 56 & 56A RWD gearboxes were the same overall length. There were also FWD versions of the 56 gearbox. These are manufactured by Aichi Machine.

Also see: 5-Speeds for an all A-series 5-speeds

Contents

Gearbox Numbering

Nissan coding for gearbox models. Example of F4W56L:

  • F: Floor shift
  • R: remote shift (column shift)
  • S: overdrive
  • 4: forward speeds (3, 4 and 5 were available)
  • W: Warner type synchros
  • C: competition type synchros
  • 56: distance in mm between mainshaft and countershaft (with larger distance implying a larger, stronger transmission). Nissan models included 60-Series Transmission and 63-Series Transmission and the 71- used in the bigger Nissans.
  • L: Long extension housing

22959.jpgAlbum 22959

A, B, or C is the evolutionary series for the box as they get older. Some boxes have an L suffix for long extension housing versions. Direct drive boxes have a "direct drive" suffix after the box numbers.

The Nissan chassis code (not transmission code) has F = Five-Speed, and T = 4-speed , e.g. B110GFK was GX Five-Speed. And B110GTK was GX Four-speed. The T holds true for export models as well. The full body codes aren't on the underhood plate, but you'll see some of the extended codes on the cover of the owners manual.

The close ratio 'option' boxes were normally available only as a separate purchase from the Datsun Competition department [through various outlets], so it did not come as a 'factory' option in B110 & B210 models, however I believe that some dealers in Japan were either fitting 'option 1' five speeds, or buying the conversion parts & upgrading the F5W56A gearboxes in new GX5's during pre-delivery for 'special' customers.

Discussion: POST GEARBOX NUMBERING AND BASIC INFO.

56-series is marginal with an A14 (the 56A works OK), but definitely is not strong enough for A14 turbo:
7039.jpgAlbum 7039

3-Speed

Standard trim (STD) Datsun 1200 models came standard with an R3W56 transmission. This was a remote-shift box with a steering-column mounted shifter.

14710.jpg 2760.jpg

4-Speed

The stock sport transmission is fine for city driving. It has wide-spaced gears to allow a steep 1st for easy takeways.

Mainshaft PNs for F4W56 transmissions:
* 32241-H1010 SHAFT-MAIN B110 F4W56L up to 03/73
* 32241-G1101 SHAFT-MAIN B110 F4W56A from 04/73
* 32241-G1101 SHAFT-MAIN B210 F4W56A
* 32241-G1101 SHAFT-MAIN B310 F4W56A
Description1st2nd3rd4thRev
Stock F4W56L3.7572.1691.4041.0003.640
Option #1 (M/C)2.8621.9081.3501.0003.640
Option #2 (U/C)2.1681.5921.2311.000 3.640
Reference: 1984 Nissan Competition Catalog
Number of teeth on gears:
* Counter gear shaft: 29T, 25T, 19T, 13T 
  * 29T (input), 25T (3rd), 19T (2nd), 13T (1st) 
    * +  13T (rev)
* Mainshaft: 19T, 23T, 27T, 31T
  * 19T (input), 23T (3rd), 27T (2nd), 32T (1st), 31T (rev)
  * Reverse idler: 17T
Ratio Computation:
* Input gears: 29/19 = 1.526
* Rev: 29/19 * 17/13 * 31/17 (idler) = 3.640
* 1st: 29/19 * 32/13 = 3.757
* 2nd: 29/19 * 27/19 = 2.169
* 3rd: 29/19 * 23/25 = 1.404
* 4th: 1:1 (direct drive, input shaft linked to output shaft, 
  all output gear pair spin free)

Option 1 Middle-Close Ratio

The option #1 (middle-close) gear set alleviates the 2nd-into-3rd RPM drop that exists with the stock 4-speed. It can only be installed into 1200 transmissions (F4W56L) built up to 3/73.

  PART NO.    DESCRIPTION 
* 32210-27720 OPT #1 CLUSTER GEAR 16T/20T/26T/29T
* 32230-27720 OPT #1 1ST GEAR 30T
* 32250-27720 OPT #1 2ND GEAR 25T
* 32260-27720 OPT #1 3RD GEAR 23T

Reference: 1984 Nissan Competition Catalog

Option 2 Ultra-Close Ratio

The option #2 (ultra-close) gear set has excellent ratios for racing. The gearset can only be installed into 1200 transmissions (F4W56L) built up to 3/73.

* 32210-H1020 OPT #2 CLUSTER GEAR 19T/23T/26T/29T
* 32230-H1020 OPT #2 1ST GEAR 27T
* 32250-H1020 OPT #1 2ND GEAR 24T
* 32260-H1020 OPT #1 3RD GEAR 21T

Reference: 1984 Nissan Competition Catalog

4-Speed Gear Ratios (GEAR-COUNTER)
ModelNoteGearsetCounter PNteeth
F4W56Lto 0373stock32210-2490029T,25T,19T,13T
F4W56Lto 0373middle-close32210-2772029T,26T,20T,16T
F4W56Lto 0373ultra-close32210-H102029T,26T,23T,19T
F4W56A0473-0874stock32210-G110029T,25T,19T,13T
F4W56L: All interchange with appropriate matching gears for mainshaft
Gearsearly stocklate stockteethm/cteethu/cteeth
1st32230-2490032230-G110032T32230-2772030T32230-H102027T
2nd32250-2490032250-G110027T32250-2772025T32250-H102024T
3rd32260-2490032260-G110023T32260-2772023T32260-H102021T
F4W56A: USA B110, starting April 1973. Used through 1982 (listed for A12-powered B210 & B310)

19051.jpgAlbum 19051

Assembly

174_5e27b14cde16a.jpgPost 493574 174_5e27b22a72ae8.jpgPost 493574

Inspection

TM-08_TM-25.jpg

B10 4-speed

1966-1970 Datsun 1000

Also See: datsun100.com transmission

RHD uses a bellcrank release lever with mechanical linkage, early 56-series
25020.jpgAlbum 25020 25021.jpgAlbum 25021

LHD uses a bellcrank release lever, operated by a hydraulic clutch Slave Cylinder
29529.jpgAlbum 29529 29530.jpgAlbum 29530 29531.jpgAlbum 29531 29532.jpgAlbum 29532
stamped 'Z U 5 15090'?
29533.jpgAlbum 29533

Revisions

Identification

Look for "56" in large letters on the right side of the case

Also look for the distinctive "ribbing" around the circumference of the front case. Other Nissan transmission are more smooth.

"56" location


This is in various places on the right side of the case. It may be a production variation. All the 56L three speed & four speed gearboxes shared the same gearbox case with integral bellhousing. All the four speed & five speed 56A gearboxes shared the same gearbox case with integral bellhousing. The three speed appears to have been discontinued with the introduction of the 56A series.

Early 56A

The 56A versions are just a model revision, with slight changes. It debuted with the Datsun 1200 Truck (B120) (FEB 1971) with the revised stronger transmission (per the parts catalog). It was then fitted to B210s at introduction (1973) and at the same time export B110s (from April of 1973) were supplied with the 56A.

NOTE: There was an 'L' revision of the 4-speed, but never any 'L' 5-speeds.
4-speeds
* 1966: 56-series intro
* Jan 1970: B110 uses 56L transmission
* Feb 1971: B120 Truck uses 56A revisions
* Apr 1973: B210 production begins in Japan
* Apr 1973: 56A supplied for export B110
* Mar 1975?: Stronger 56A with increase webbing
B210
* new unit Engine Plate instead of Dust Cover
* new plate requires different length Release Bearing

Note that the 4-speed transmission was redesigned for the 56A revision. Gearsets are not interchangable between early and late transmissions.


Modifications have been made on the following points to strengthen the gears and bearings, and to improve lubrication performance as well as noise and vibration proof at high-speed driving.

  1. Strengthened gears and bearings: Although there is no change in the gear ratio, each gear has an increased width by 0.039 to 0.079 (1 to 2 mm) and the countershaft, front bearing and main shaft bearing are strengthened.
  2. Improved lubrication performance: To ensure proper lubrication in the rear extension bushing, an oil dam is installed in the center of the extension.

Reference: Service Bulletin Vol. 188 "Introduction of New Model Datsun B210 Series" page 69, July 1973, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Tokyo Japan Telex: NISMO.

22967.jpgAlbum 22967

Late Model 56A

  • Strong Ribbing
  • 56A and Nissan symbols in separate boxes

Stronger webs on the ribbing
19055.jpgAlbum 19055 19056.jpgAlbum 19056

1990s

1990-1994 Sunny Truck has a unique case Extension housing w/dual mount flanges
23176.jpgAlbum 23176 23177.jpgAlbum 23177 23178.jpgAlbum 23178

5-Speed

See: 5-speeds for an overview of 5-speeds in general

For the stock B110 5-speed (GX5 gearbox), see: 5C56

Tail Housing

Late (heavy duty) tail housing has a bumpy knob on top where it meets the case.
21403.jpgAlbum 21403

One or two motor mount bosses?
21402.jpgAlbum 21402
Early or late can come both ways. Why?

All 8910-up have both. The last one is for an exhaust pipe bracket. Some earliers one have both, however.

One switch or two? 8910- has both
21404.jpgAlbum 21404

Clutch Lever Type

  • Remote (side) linkage: 3-speed
  • Bell crank linkage: Datsun B10 (Datsun 1000)
    15856.jpgAlbum 15856
  • Hydraulic linkage: LHD models, hole on left side of case
  • Cable linkage: RHD models, cable hole on right side of bell flange
    19050.jpgAlbum 19050

Clutch Cable Hole

RHD 4-speeed and 5-speed models use a clutch cable. In the B110, this was a small hole in the bellhousing flange, while it is a larger hole in B210 and B310 models.

21401.jpgAlbum 21401

5-speed: B110 small hole, B210 large hole
19047.jpgAlbum 19047

1976-1994 'Angular-D' shape
26658.jpgAlbum 26658

Gearbox Mount Position

  • Early boxes have a single gearbox mount location
  • Late boxes have two locations

Drain Plug vs. Reverse Switch

  • 4-speed (RHD early models 67-73): Reverse Switch points straight back
  • 4-speed (later model 1975-up): drain plug points straight back
  • 5-speed: drain plug points down, from middle of adapter plate

Extension Housing Shape On the Five Speed, the extension housing is a gravity casting (sand casting) which is fatter than the four speed extension, as both reverse and first gear are located in there.
14706.jpgAlbum 14706

The bolts holding the extension to the front case are:

  • Short in 4-speed
  • Long in 5-speed

4777.jpgAlbum 4777

Both first & reverse are in the extention housing which looks to be a gravity casting, while the main case is a pressure die casting.

  • Sandwich plate differs - in the 5-speed, the oil drain plug screws up into this from the bottom.
  • Tail Housing (extension) - 5-speed extension bulkier to encase 1st gear (as well as reverse).
  • Like the four speed, the reverse light switch is also rearward facing in the five speed 56A gearbox.

Electrical Switches

All 56-series transmissions have a Reverse Lamp Switch.

Pink arrow REV switch: left 4-speed, right 5-speed
19048.jpgAlbum 19048

Some newer 4-speeds include one or more of the following, for the purpose of controlling emission gear on the engine:

* Top Switch (high gear detect switch)
* Neutral Switch
* Reverse Lamp Switch

Reverse Switch is on bottom | 4-speed Neutral Switch is near top
19052.jpgAlbum 19052

Gears

5-speed Ratios

The 5-speed transmission (F5C56A) was originally installed on certain non-USA models of the 1200. With the stock gearing this transmission works very well for street, slaloms, high-speed time trials or rallies. With the optional gearing (32010-H7220N), it is the best production-based transmission available for racing versions of the 1200, B210 or 210 Datsuns. The synchro mechanism is the servo-type (steel).

  • 32010-H7251 stock GX-5 5-SPD TRANSMISSION
  • 32010-H7251P OPT #1 W/R 5-SPD TRANSMISSION
  • 32010-H7220N OPT #2 C/R 5-SPD TRANSMISSION
Part No.1st2nd3rd4th5thRev
32010-H7251P W/R3.7572.3741.6591.2911.0004.040
32010-H7220N C/R2.6761.6911.3981.1811.0002.877
Reference: 1984 Nissan Competition Catalog

16819.jpgcatalog

The counter gear is a single machined piece that includes several gears on one shaft.


5-speed Gear Ratios (GEAR-COUNTER)
ModelNoteGearsetCounter PNteeth
F5C56Awide-ratiostock GX-532213-H720029T,26T,23T,18T,13T
F5C56Aclose-ratioClose-ratio32213-H722025T,23T,21T,18T,13T
Counter gears interchange if the matching gears are used:
Gearswide-ratioteethclose-ratioteeth
Main32200-H720019T32202-H722023T
1st32230-H720032T<- same
2nd32250-H720028T<- same
3rd32260-H720025T32262-H722027T
4th32270-H720022T32262-H722025T

Stock (W/R) gearset
26281.jpgAlbum 26281

C/R gearset
26282.jpgAlbum 26282

Close/Ratio Gearset (uses existing Gear 1 and Gear 2)
26280.jpgAlbum 26280

Straight-cut gear version of C/R gearset (uses stock helical cut Gear 1)
26277.jpgAlbum 26277

4-speed Ratios

Part No.1st2nd3rd4thRev.
Stock 4-speed3.7572.1691.4041.0003.640
OPT 1 M/C2.8621.9081.3501.0003.640
OPT 2 U/C2.1681.5931.2331.0003.640
Datsun 1200 4-speed. Same as B20 Datsun 1000 Pick-up
1st 3.76
2nd 2.17
3rd 1.40
4th 1.00
REV 3.46
4-speed Ratios (GEAR-COUNTER) for F4W56L only (will not fit F4W56A)
ModelNoteGearsetCounter PNteeth
F4W56LStockW/R32210-2490013T,19T,25T,29T
F4W56LOPT 1M/C32210-2772016T,20T,26T,29T
F4W56LOPT 2U/C32210-H102019T,23T,26T,29T
Counter gears interchange if the matching gears are used:
GearStockOPT 1OPT 2
1st32230-2490032T32230-2772030T32230-H102027T
2nd32250-2490027T32250-2772025T32250-H102024T
3rd32260-2490023T32260-2772023T32260-H102021T
All sets use the same 19T main gear (input shaft)

Stock 4-speed gearset Explanation
13278.jpgAlbum 13278

Middle-Close 4-speed gearset
26279.jpgAlbum 26279

Ultra-Close 4-speed gearset
26278.jpgAlbum 26278

Topgear POST straight-cut gearset
8444.jpgAlbum 8444 8445.jpgAlbum 8445

Topgear 56A gearset
1st 2.50
2nd 1.64
3rd 1.25
4th 1.00

Ute

Sunny truck Long Body vs Short Body uses different transmission. Front case differs slightly, while gears, shifter, and rear extension do not differ.

SB
* 32010-G1650 -8910
  * 32005-21101 SWITCH ASSY-REVERSE LAMP
* 32010-95W00 8910- [has neutral switch]
  * 32006-G6200 NEUTRAL POSITION SWITCH
* Uses a full engine plate 30411-H5001
  * 30501-H5000 SLEEVE-CLUTCH RELEASE
* 11322-G1000 MEMBER ASSY-ENGINE MOUNTING, REAR -8503
* 11322-G1900 MEMBER ASSY-ENGINE MOUNTING, REAR 8504-
LB
* 32010-G1651 -8910
  * 32005-H5000 SWITCH ASSY-REVERSE LAMP
* 32010-95W03 8910- [has neutral switch]
  * 32006-G6200 NEUTRAL POSITION SWITCH
* Uses dust cover 30422-H5010
  * 30501-H1000 SLEEVE-CLUTCH RELEASE
* 11322-H1002 MEMBER ASSY-ENGINE MOUNTING, REAR -8503
* 11322-G1910 MEMBER ASSY-ENGINE MOUNTING, REAR 8504-

Smooth Case

Rare smooth-case 56A with no ribs. The casting itself is different. What did it come out of?

19710.jpgAlbum 19710 19711.jpgAlbum 19711 19712.jpgAlbum 19712 19713.jpgAlbum 19713

Another one:
29528.jpgAlbum 29528

And a smooth-case 5-speed
26069.jpgAlbum 26069 26068.jpgAlbum 26068 26067.jpgAlbum 26067

Parts

 

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